A month into online writing workshops, I quickly learned that publishing-oriented writers have an entirely different lingo than online fiction writers. Much to my chagrin, that mostly means lots of acronyms. I can’t remember most acronyms for the life of me, so I’m assuming that some of you can’t either.
So here’s the deal: As I bumble along into this “Publishing World” bonanza, I’m going to share with you all the new acronyms and terminology I have to learn. Feel free to bookmark this page. I’ll be adding to it as I go.
Some of the vocab may be general-use, but since I’m writing Fantasy-Romance, some of it may have that bent. I’m sure I’m biased in many other ways too. 😉
- MG | Middle-Grade (ages 8-12)
Focus: Friendships, school
- YA | Young Adult (teenagers; ages 13-18)
Focus: Emotion, growing into oneself, relationships (peer pressure, dating), butting heads with parent/guardian authority figures; often puberty as a catalyst
- NA | New Adult (20s; ages 18-26)
Focus: Self-discovery, experimentation, venturing out into the world, feeling out independence; characters are often in college and/or holding a job or job-searching
- Adult (ages 30+)
Focus: Life changes, achievements; often focused on achieving the goal of a more settled, stable, or favorable lifestyle
Genres & Categories
- PN | Paranormal
Anything with supernatural aspects, though this term normally implies some sort of romantic involvement to distinguish it from Urban Fantasy.
- PNR | Paranormal Romance
A Romance involving a not-so-human person, or supernatural elements. Usually takes place in the real world.
- UF | Urban Fantasy
Fantasy or supernatural elements exist within the real world; romance is not the main plot.
- Rom | Romance
The ups and downs of a relationship between equally-important main characters makes up the plot arc of the story. Must end in a HEA or HFN. (HEA is generally preferred, so most sequels revolve around alternate characters from the same world as the first couple.)
- Erotic Romance
A Romance driven by sexual character development. Sex scenes cannot be removed from the story, because the story would fall apart.
A shorter story (possibly a novella), focusing on sex or sexual progression. Romance does not have to be present.
- Monster Erotica
An erotica wherein the focusing on sex with a nonhuman, possibly even a non-humanoid creature (i.e. something that isn’t even mostly human).
A story (typically Urban Fantasy, Paranormal Romance, or Erotica) which references or focuses on creatures that can shift between more than one physical form. Most commonly shifters are take on the form of a human and the form of a particular animal. Most common pop-culture example: werewolves.
- opener; opening
Translation: The beginning or first lines of the story
- inciting incident
The event that initially “gets the ball rolling,” and effectively starts off the story. Generally expected to occur within the first couple pages of a novel.
- GMC | goal, motivation, & conflict
Translation: What the main character wants, why, and the struggle to get it
- HFN | Happy For Now
Translation: The story ends with the main character(s) having achieved at least one goal (or sub-goal), but there are still more issues to deal with in the next book. In a romance, this means the lovebirds are together and happy, but there is no guarantee it will be permanent.
- HEA | Happily Ever After
Translation: The story ends with the main character(s) happy, having achieved their goal. In a romance, this means the characters have gotten together, are happy with their relationship, and will stay together.
- cause célèbre
Translation: A controversial issue that the public (in the real world) is currently debating, which may turn up in a story
- comps | comparables (contemporaries)
Translation: Others writers whose style or stories are similar to one’s own
- CP | critique partner
A safe, trusted outside party to whom a writer can send their current WIP for constructive criticism.
- MC | main character
- MS | manuscript
Translation: The pages of the story you’ve written
- Middle Grade vs. Young Adult | WriteForKids
- Plotting a Character-Driven Book | GDRW
- Writing New Adult Fiction how-to book by Deborah Halverson
- Paranormal Romance vs. Urban Fantasy | Steph on GoodReads
- Single Title vs. Category Romance Novels article by Christie Hayes & Faye Hughes